Music is composed as summation of nature’s sound and the sound of animals. these various sounds help Music to prepare the notes. The Hindustani Music and its history says us the same.
Present day If we look at music we find that it gives us sense of peace, harmony and mental strength and may prove to be cure of various health ailments with the infusion of natural sounds like stream, wind, rain etc. The raw sound coming from nature encourages us to think of musical sound which gives us pleasure in terms of concentration, dedication, determination and discipline.
Now days the classroom music teaching has become monotonous. We are playing instruments and singing inside the classroom to prepare a choir and solo. That is what is tone and tune, how to sing in a choir and what is Soprano, Alto, Toner and Bass with the pitch etc.
Music itself says “Sing or play with heart, not with mind” so where we get the help to create the Music with heart. Obvious that, the theory with grammar should be there to learn basic, but basic is alphabet of music with the help of these we form words then sentences as we are learning in other languages too. But if you don’t know the meaning of the words you can’t make a sentences , where if you don’t know the tones do re mi fa so la ti do and sa re ga ma pa dha ni sa you will be not able to make a words of tune. OK learn basic go through books, your Masters will teach you the pattern, but the sense of music will come through NATURE only.
The Indian Ragas are based on type of seasons, natural ambience, pace, sounds, and rhythms.
Not so easy to understand these vast topics but I think very easy to feel it with heart. NEST (Nature, Environment, Science and Technology) says “Break four walls around you and mix with nature” yes, with this, you will learn with heart not mug up learning (Rot Learning).
In the winter feel cool air, pleasant nature and choose the tone matched with it. You will find a great feeling with nature and Music.
Come out from a classroom sit under a tree and see the leaves are floating with a rhythm. The streams have a beautiful sound with its speed. The wind has some sweet feelings and you start co-up with these. You will start learning Music.
Hindustani Music has lot of ragas based on part of the day and part of the night too, as it’s called ‘PRAHAR’. One example I would like to share with you “raga Iman is an evening raga and it says to overcome ego” The Lord Shiva Standing on a demon namely “Ahankar”. Accordingly with times, Ragas can sing at mid night, early morning and with the seasons too. Lot of ragas are made for the seasons only to focus the nature of the seasons through the swaras. Like Deepak, Sarang, Ashabari etc.
Example 2- One song from Gurudev Rabindra Nath Tagore Geetobitan I would like to Share i.e. “ Esho Shyama;a Sundara” based on raga desh calling nature to fulfill the thrust of nature.
“Nature is Obvious to learning Music (Vocal and Instrumentals)
Another example I would like to share, for the kids if we will sing the famous rhymes “Twinkle Twinkle” inside the class room, how we will make them understand the fact of twinkling instead of take them outside in the evening to show the actual meaning of “Twinkling”. As well as for the song “All things bright and beautiful” will make us face the same problem.
I would like to conclude my small knowledge regarding “Music with Nature” with few thoughts-
- Explore how various orchestral instruments mimic sounds of nature, Timpani as Thunder, a Harp as flowing Water, A Flute as Birds, Sitar and santoor as Streams and Tabla as feelings of natural beats.
- Do Unconventional Orchestra; we can say Nature Concert, How? Make a shaker from stone, Tap two stick together use Grass Blade for Whistling, Use Bucket for Drum, use any Plate, glass, spoons for Xylophone and many more.
- Play music and tell students to draw a mind scene. Invite individual to create their creation. Ask them compare the music with nature, like forest, Wind, Water, field in our lives.
- After studying environmental topics, choose a common tune and have students rewrite the lyric with their own creation and reflect their new found knowledge.
Ancient education of India was based on guru sishya (pupil) culture emanating from high values evident in flourishing and enriching Gurukul system where Guru (teacher or Principal) stood for high moral and values and sishya (pupils) follows those values in high respect and solidarity.
Once India was regarded epicenter of knowledge art and spiritualism and students from all corners visited here for knowledge and values.
With the gradual invasion of foreign powers India witnessed various phenomenal changes in social, political, religious and cultural spectrum and education once flourishing was now subject to foreign influence.
The transformation of basic education took place in British era especially Macaulay education had changed the basics of elementary education system. The anglicized form of education had apparently some advantage but completely different on ethical front.
Ever-growing issue of values and ethics in education community is the ultimate dividend of new education system.
Unlike Gurukul system where two constituents were present (Guru and Pupil) the new school education system in India has three main constituents- Students, teachers and parents (have excluded the role of school management as teachers are more or less mouth piece of school administration).
In order to understand the issues of ethics, morals and values it is necessary to define each of them.
Values stand for rules set by individuals to take personal decision in judging what is right or wrong and good or bad. Values tend to direct individual to choose the important and leave the less important matters.
Morals are thick and broader sets of rules which helps individual to judge other as good or bad which we call instinct in general.
Ethics are predefined sets of rules that define a particular group of people like medicals, journalism etc. More specifically ethics are self imposed rather judge or impose on others.
While assessing the position of each constituent of education with regard to their exposure to ethical issues we find that teacher holds number one position in handling dilemmas and ethics.
At the one hand Teachers are expected to uphold high values and embrace ethics of teaching on the other hand they face most dilemmas like whether to help students beyond classroom or if answer is yes then to what extent? In case teacher is more co-operative and dedicated and open to teach his students beyond class hours then repeated request for same query make him or her think again. Another dilemma is teacher -student relationship as friendly or formal like guru sishya culture. Even become too friendly may create problem at some stage (issues of discipline may come up).
Should teacher resort for private tuition or strict in giving tuition to students not from his school? Even the strict behavior of teacher attracts sharp reaction from parents.
Should teacher let a failing 9th grade student matriculate knowing she or he is held back or drop out?
Should a Principal approves of inflated grades and accept admission of students not worthy of merit.
Never ending dilemma and ethical crisis is part of teaching profession and it completely depends on the person how he or she handles it with dignity.
In the issue of ethical crisis and compromise on values students are ultimately the worst sufferers.
The first scenario is double edge of values and morality where one side is sharpened by parents at home and other in school. And students get confused as to whom to follow. For example Students are taught in school to worship parents and always obey their wishes or order even mother’s and father’s days are organized in school to develop such values in students. However it seen in many houses that the student experiences a very different situation at home. His parents have disowned his grand mother or father for living in old age home. What should student do here and whom to follow? The conflict is unavoidable. There are numerous examples where students find it difficult to handle ethical crisis.
The conflict of values, ideology and thought create cloud of confusion in young mind.
Parents are at receiving end of such conflict and confusions at ethical front. Should parents give more time to his or her ward to develop sense of high values and morals and help him or her understand the ethical values taught in school?
There is no end to ethical issues in education community but one thing is certain that if all constituents understand their roles and play it responsibly future conflict and crisis of values and ethics be avoided for greater good of students and society at large.
In modern times, the concept of remedial programmes and classes has been the talk of the town in primary level education for various reasons. The pros and cons of providing remedial classes are debated at various spectrum of education whether it is the school, parents or government – everyone has some say on it. It seems the benefits of such remedial classes overweigh its cons in many way
Considerable research works have been done in the area of early childhood education and most childhood education specialists are of the view that it’s highly advantageous for young minds to get enrolled in pre-kindergarten classes for better results in future.